A proposal selected finalist for the HUD Affordable Housing Student Competition (Other Team Members: Larissa Lai, Olivia Norfleet, Brandon O’Halloran, Jay Skardis)
The village model is a social support model that allows residents to age in place in a sustainable and interdependent community. The traditional concept of a village with close-knit relationships between neighbors and the wider community is reflected in the social service coordination and physical design in Civitas. The purpose of the whole design is to create space for the social programming proposed for seniors. Civitas is designed on three pillars; sustainability, sociability, and replicability. The design incorporates these principles through both the built environment as well as long-term programming, resulting in the village model, a community-oriented network of systems that fosters a more efficient, more enjoyable environment for both residents and the surrounding natural environment. The village is shared by residents of Waldron and Central Towers, who are moved to this site from a downtown location, residents on Union street and residents from all over Dover who will fill up the market-rate units.The design aims for a welcoming environment for the residents and their guests by prioritizing pedestrian access and using the power of design to invite residents to actively engage in and around the three community hubs located strategically in the middle of the project.The indoor corridors connect the buildings and let residents walk between the buildings without being exposed to outdoor conditions. By bringing outdoor activities into optimized environments the residents remain shielded from the harsh winter conditions of Dover without being deprived of the socialization that the outdoors brings.
Project Contribution During RETI Center Internship, Text by Tim Gilman Lab Design by Threadcollective & Oasis Design Lab
Post-Hurricane Sandy nonprofit RETI Center and GBXTM~Gowanus Bay Terminal have partnered to launch Blue City Lab, the first off-grid, floating climate lab in the US to serve as a model for adaptation and resilient industrial development in flood zones. Brooklyn’s coastline is rapidly transforming. In the coming century, New York’s most populous borough will be forced to adapt to climate change and develop new modes of equitable and resilient waterfront development. The RETI Center Blue City LAB springs from a pressing need to provide waterfront access for deeper investigations into the impacts of climate change on our low-lying communities. The LAB is designed as an exemplary net-positive waterfront structure that will allow for a multitude of programming, all supporting research, education, and training focused on mitigating and adapting to a new future redefined by climate change. Inherent in the design is flexibility, water-responsiveness, innovative floating construction technology, along with a variety of self-sustaining systems addressing energy, water, food, and air. The design will take into deep consideration the desires, needs, and directives by the local Red Hook community and the host of users allowing it to become a vessel, metaphorically and physically.
Pratt Institute M.S. Sustainable Environmental Systems Demonstration of Professional Competence Project with Erica Asinas, Raymond Figueroa (NYC Community Garden Coalition), Larissa Lai, Samuel Pressman
Housing is becoming increasingly less affordable in New York City, particularly for working-class and vulnerable communities. This is due to increasing rents in urban areas and lack of affordable housing units. Due to a need to develop more affordable housing, quantity has often been prioritized, resulting in a lack of holistic design and planning around the long-term wellbeing of residents and communities by integrating ecological systems and designing sustainable environments, especially in low-income communities. Coupled with the effects of climate change, front-line communities have to be prepared to meet growing challenges related to health and the built environment.
The Circular Economy concept advocates for new modes of (re)-production that reduces social and environmental inequities generated by a traditional linear economy and could bring back the benefits to the communities, through circular growth. Circular Economy principles consider overall systems health in relation to long-term sustainability and resiliency across social, economic, and environmental realms. Cities in the world are currently considering learning from Circular Economy to become circular cities. Europe has advanced on the Circular Economy transformation in a way that there can be generated revenue from the alternative loops that were created. The future for Europe is looking at applying the Circular Economy concept to cities by making comprehensive site-specific plans according to the Circular City Framework, which includes a process of extensive stakeholder engagement and also iterative analysis, visioning, and design. circular city master planning is a long term approach that can be adjusted with feedback over time and can be implemented through pilot projects. This study explores the Circular City Framework in the context of a historically marginalized low-income residential neighborhood in the South Bronx in New York City and proposes an innovative and circular approach to the Melrose Commons neighborhood master plan, building on the assets of the community that will ensure a holistic new vision for the neighborhood.
This study explores the Circular City Framework in the context of a historically marginalized low-income residential neighborhood in the South Bronx in New York City and proposes an innovative and circular approach to the Melrose Commons neighborhood master plan, building on the assets of the community that will ensure a holistic new vision for the neighborhood.
A Circular Food System
Pratt Institute M.S. Sustainable Environmental Systems Demonstration of Professional Competence Project with Erica Asinas, Raymond Figueroa (NYC Community Garden Coalition), Larissa Lai, Samuel Pressman
The Micro Food Hub is an alternative to the Macro Food Hub, a regional food hub where the food comes from outer regions of the city to be distributed from one location to the whole city’s retail locations. In a Macro Food Hub, the consumer is separated from the producer, geographically making it hard for the consumer to verify the quality of the food. It is also possible that the food loses its freshness during transportation and shelf life, which is the reason for extensive packaging and additives. The life cycle of food in the Macro Food Hub system is linear. The food is grown, processed, packaged, distributed, sold, consumed, and waste is discarded. According to the USDA, food deserts are defined as low-access areas where “at least 500 people and/ or at least 33 percent of the census tract’s population must reside more than one mile from a supermarket or large grocery store (for rural census tracts, the distance is more than 10 miles)”. This implies that food access is to a large percent of the distance to the food supplier. This becomes irrelevant in an area like the South Bronx, where the Hunts Point Food Distribution Center is supplying food to the entire city but because South Bronx houses the most underserved community districts of New York City, people living close to the Food Hub cannot afford food. In the South Bronx, food access is not about distance but about financial abilities. According to the Community District Profiles, 42% of the adults living in the Community Districts 1 & 3, including neighborhoods, Mott Haven, Melrose, Morrisania, and Crotona are suffering from obesity. This percentage is the highest in New York City and almost twice the citywide 24% and more than ten times the lowest percentages in the Financial District and Greenwich Village. Community district 1 & 3 also has the highest percentage of Diabetes in adults older than 18 with a percentage of 22% as opposed to citywide 11% and the lowest percentage of 3% again in Financial District and Greenwich Village. As mentioned in the New York Times article; “something is killing America’s urban poor, but this is no ordinary epidemic.”
The micro food hub is a response to this issue of poverty and oppression by creating ownership for the community over the food system by proposing a new approach that will be equitable, circular, efficient, close to the consumer, and co-located.
Forward Loop: An Urban Industrial Metabolism
Studio Project at Pratt Institute Sustainable Environmental Systems Community Partner: Newtown Creek Alliance, Evergreen Exchange
The urban industrial metabolism is a framework for industrial neighborhoods where each component of the system serves a purpose to achieve the net positive goal. This framework can vary according to the unique conditions of the site. By looking at Newtown creek we have identified that the industry has shifted to warehousing and delivery which doesn’t offer a higher salary as the manufacturing jobs that require skill and doesn’t create value. By leveraging already colocated entities this project aims to create a new manufacturing economy in the district through the guidelines of the circular economy.
Manufacturing is said to be suffering in New York City and nationally but according to the Resilient Industry Plan by the City, the construction industry is actually growing. Newtown Creek can absorb that demand and use it to establish a sustainable production cycle to manufacture circular building and packaging materials that can be used for the sustainability retrofits that need to happen in New York City.
A really important asset is the wealth of recycling businesses in the site. After talking to Evergreen Exchange, the IBZ service provider, it is established that these recycling companies generally show interest in circular economy efforts.
In this new urban industrial metabolism, Grand street is elevated to act as an integrated flood protection system creating a sacrificial floor in the typology a to provide more space for the water. The businesses that take part in this system give a portion of their land for a sloped edge that creates more space for the water and barges but they get two additional floors and a commercial overlay so that they can use the first floor as a showroom to display the circular products that they are manufacturing. This makes Grand street more publicly accessible and gives these companies extra space and value.
The ideas in this project can lead to a metabolism that works as a system to achieve a resilient, dynamic, thriving industrial community by applying the concept of a circular economy. While doing that the metabolism also aims to adapt and thrive in the new ecology of climate change and take that challenge and transform it into a benefit for the community.
In order to establish the guidelines in this vision we propose creating a coalition with members from the three IBZ industrial service providers along the creek and with Newtown Creek Alliance to work on two tasks:
1. research and develop circular economy pilot projects
2. advocate for rezonings
Part of the success of the pilot projects involves acquiring land—ideally, from city—and attracting tenants like production and assembly houses to participate in them. Equally important is for the coalition to work with businesses to relocate them out of flood-prone areas.
Manufacturing zoning has changed over the past 100 years and will continue to change. This project proposes to create a new use group that will require new businesses to utilize the waste/products from others within the IBZ in order to work towards urban industrial metabolism and to manage the increases in FAR. A commercial overlay along Grand Street will also be created to elevate the pedestrian experience and allow businesses to showcase their products which will also act as an IFPS.
The Landfill Project
Pratt Center Taconic Fellowship Project with; Alejandra Gomez Bolivar, Sonya Gimon, Simon Kates, Elliott Maltby, Martha Willson, Ruyun Xiao, Rockaway Waterfront Alliance. Report by Isil Akgul
The Landfill Project aims to bring local residents together with a diverse group of experts and artists to understand and imagine the potential of the Edgemere site. New York City’s legacy landfills were sited to obscure their environmental and community impacts. By capping landfills like Edgemere, the City may have turned a negative influence into, at best, a net neutral. With the residents as direct partners we intend to explore strategies to create a positive impact for Edgemere. Environmental Restoration, Disaster Relief, Recreation and Energy were the focuses that brought together a variety of ideas for the future of Edgemere landfill in the Rockaways. They were created during the public sessions at the Rockaway Waterfront Alliance, series of workshops with high school and college students, as well as during the seminars as part of several conferences (for details please see www.landfillproject.org).
To create a meaningful public visioning process the team of the Landfill Project consisting of Pratt Institute students, professors and alumni carried out a multi-step process. Started with a series of expert and artist conversations and workshops with local high school students, it led to the Exhibition at the RISE center which hosted several public and student workshops. As a result, the visions are well developed and well-informed and can exist either individually or in combination. The drawing above shows a compilation of all four focuses explaining how the multi-functionality of each element could help Edgemere landfill to not only become a much desired recreation space, but also enhance ecology, provide flood refuge and generate economic benefit for the community through producing renewable energy.
The Blue Wave
Project with LEAP (Leaders in Environmental Advocacy at Pratt), Artist: Samuel Pressman; with Tina Pastore, Summer Sandoval, text by Samuel Pressman
The Blue Wave acts as a representation of the modern wasteful single-use plastics culture of the latter part of the 20th century and early 21st century. Specifically, the hard plastics that make up this sculpture come out of the waste that is accumulated throughout Pratt Institute Brooklyn campus EACH DAY. It is striking that a Blue Wave sculpture can be constructed every 24 hours just from plastics waste generated at Pratt Institute Brooklyn campus.
The Blue Wave has been made possible for completion by Samuel Pressman (Art Director), the LEAP (Leaders in Environmental Advocacy at Pratt) student organization, and volunteer students who took part in the campus art project during Blue Week 2018. The work was designed to be a mobile educational piece that alludes to the concepts of Sustainability, Zero-Waste, and Ocean Plastics Pollution.
The Blue Wave sculpture dimensions are roughly 9ft x 8ft x 8ft, and contains over 10,000 pieces of single-use hard plastics—with each piece harvested and washed by hand. It is designed to act like a large puzzle, with six detachable sections for easy removal and transportation. The sculpture is also covered with an almost invisible net to ensure stability, safety, and no falling pieces during the transportation and display. LEAP’s mission at Pratt is to utilize such projects as educational tools to create awareness between students and faculty. The sculpture is an essential part of an ongoing campaign against unnecessary plastic waste generated at Pratt Institute. During Green Week (March) students were invited to pledge against single-use plastic for a whole week.
2nd Place in the International Stage of the Multi Comfort Housing Student Competition (Team Member: Nurdan Gürlesin)
Second Ecomall is a renovated former warehouse in Pantin, the currently developing former industrial area of Paris, France. Ecomall was chosen as the new attractive function for the old warehouse because of the emerging need to return to nature, not only in the building industry but also in food, clothing, and electronics. This project is a perfect case study highlighting the benefits of adaptive reuse and leveraging existing systems of nature and embodied the energy of the building.
As the name suggests, Ecomall is an ecological mall dedicated to discarded, second hand and repaired products. The purpose of this project is to advocate for the idea of reuse reduce recycle. The only way to reach a harmless consumer society is to lengthen the life-cycle of materials by using every tool at hand. Ecomall will not only facilitate the sale of these products but will also provide education for schools in Paris, especially for young children to teach them how to repair things instead of buying new ones. These educational areas are located on the first floor and can be rented for lectures, panels, and conferences, even expos.
In front of the building, there is an open bazaar where you can find food, clothing or electronics depending on a weekday. In this facility, people will be able to host temporary bazaars, as well as permanent shops.
On the west facade looking to the river there are educational facilities and coffee shops, allowing the visitors to catch most of the view. On the front yards, there are organic fields where you can rent areas to produce food. Geothermal energy using the temperature difference in the canal will provide most of the energy needed in the facility. The solar fields over the parking areas produce the energy needed for the remaining energy needs.
The existing concrete structure of the building was preserved, adding a new facade. The new skin provides sun&heat control according to the standards of Multi-Comfort Housing. Sometimes hiding, sometimes showing the insides of the building, the skin forms balconies for fresh air and a great look to the canal.
Student Competition for Designing Seasonal Housing (Team member: Nurdan Gürlesin)
This project is designed for families from eastern Anatolia, mostly the Kurdish regions who come to work in the cotton plucking fields of Çukurova, Adana seasonally. The pictures show the current unacceptable conditions these families live in during the working season.
Because of the ongoing Turkish and Kurdish conflict, these families are the poorest and most uneducated people in the society. Hence, they have to face these conditions because there is no alternative for them.
Aside from looking at this conflict from a broader perspective and trying to find solutions to this problem on a larger scale, making the current conditions more humane is also imperative.
This proposal focuses on this problem and tries to research for spaces that will provide better conditions for these families. After looking at the families, one major problem that the research identified is the lack of social infrastructure for the children. The parents are going through the same ordeal but the children are at an age when they learn the most from their environments and this time in their lives presents a disconnection from their homes and learning environment. There is no infrastructure to aid them to continue their learning process and interact with their peers in a healthy and social way.
Culturally these families are large, men work in the fields, women and children have to come with the father. Sometimes even the mothers or children are put to work for more money for the family during the short time they are able to work.
This proposal puts the children at the heart of the site and creates a library and learning center for them. The creative programming that is defined by collaborating with neighboring schools, community facilities and most importantly community organizations will fill this space with small lectures, workshops, didactic plays and other programming options the community will benefit from.
This project searches for a sustainable seasonal setting for the families. A temporary village, where they not only eat, sleep in healthy conditions but also have social areas, sanitary places for children to play, and learn.
The continuous modular floor panel system creates a cleaner floor for the mother to do housework, laundry, and other errands. This system also allows for creating a water supply and sewer system for them with a septic tank, that is not possible with the traditional tent structures. This system will have holes that lead water away from the upper layer to the layer below.
The modular wall layout provides the option of creating different layouts according to the size of the family. The walls can slide and open for more space according to programming. The transparent wall modules will provide optional sunlight but these panels will be sandblasted glass to give privacy to the residents as preferred by this culture. These walls will have the same size, structure, and detail with the opaque walls to allow for interchangeability according to demand.
The roof panels have solar panels that provide energy for necessary purposes. Usually, these villages have access to city electricity supply but in these parts of the country, electricity is not reliable. This secondary system will help in these situations and can also be attached to a battery system and be used for air conditioning purposes without being charged for that extra cost.
When the work season is over, all the pieces can be disassembled and stored in the library building until the next season to be reassembled again. This way the only structure left standing during the harsh winter conditions would be the central building. This design approach also lowers the cost while creating livable spaces for the workers.
Water Machine: Gowanus
Studio Project with Erica Asinas, Priyanka Jinsiwale, Samuel Pressman
Our design vision for the Powerhouse site and the adjoining lot is one that is guided by three goals we feel are vital for the sustainable growth of not only the Gowanus Canal area, but New York City as a whole. While our design’s aim is to cater to the artists’ facility’s needs, our overlying focus is to create a long-term outdoor educational sustainability center that focuses on eco-remediation of the Gowanus Canal, water capture and purification for reuse, and community involvement.
With our desire to design for zero-waste, our “Ecoremediator” design proposal is centralized around three specific water systems that capture and recycle the entire facility and lot’s runoff water, black water, and industrial water. While the industrial water must go through its own chemical filtration process, the processing of runoff and the art facility’s black water is done by two separate ecological wetland machines. Each eco-system is composed of interconnected terraced bioswales, micro-wetlands, ponds, and directional ditches that reroute water to them. Through the proper use of native wetland plant species, as well as Hyperaccumulator species, these systems will work to extract, transpire, and degrade excess nitrogen, hydrocarbons, phosphorus, PCBs, and other hazardous chemicals from the water and soil.
Key plants species that we are proposing the use of include: Cattails, Sedge, Yellow Irises, Ferns, Oyster Mushrooms, Algae, Sunflowers, Clover, and Osage Orange trees, among others. A key inspiration for our concept is Mel Chin’s “Revival Field,” which is an ongoing soil-remediating garden comprised of a variety of the most resilient and efficient Hyperaccumulators—dwarf corn, romaine lettuce, alpine pennycress, red fescue, and bladder campion. Located at the base of a landfill, plants work to extract their share of toxins and metals and then are removed and replaced accordingly to their toxin capacity. Removed plants then go through an incinerated to not only dispose of toxins properly but also to extract valuable metals for reuse.
Our hope is that people will be able to wander through our park and leave with having gained a better understanding of water management and sustainability. Acting as an outdoor ecological museum, plant system species and water system sections will have in-depth labels and concept explanations. An experiential boardwalk that wraps around provides a raised viewing area of the 1st St. Basin area, the Gowanus Canal, and the central part of the recreational area. Other site and park components are designing for include a Boiler House green roof, a community information and indoor events center (GCC managed), a water plaza with a small amphitheatre for outdoor community events, a small cafe, a children’s playground, a community garden, bicycle and handicapped parking, a recycling area, and solar panels that are positioned to run pumps and lights.
Runner up in Ignition Lab Competition Team Members: Summer Sandoval, Samuel Pressman
Although as architects we design environmentally responsible buildings with innovative solutions, the buildings still keep consuming more energy than anticipated because individual habits are still not considered as a resource to tap into to reduce carbon emissions. This is why I found myself thinking about how to engage people for this purpose.
Did you know you had the power to help save the world and still have time for your Sunday brunch plans?! Did you know that you can help save the earth and save money at the same time? Did you ever feel like you were the only one struggling with this? Well, you don’t have to anymore because you have Earthpact.
Earthpact is a web portal and social media application that helps you calculate, reduce and track your carbon footprint. Aside from letting you interact with other PACTERS, it has two main functions; it calculates your carbon footprint and provides you with personalized actions to reduce your carbon footprint. This way you don’t have to do something that is impossible for you and get frustrated because can’t do it.
In the duration of eight months during the ignition lab program, we have done research and surveys to design the best way to reduce the overall individual carbon footprint. According to our research, people do not believe they have the agency or resources to make deliberate decisions about reducing their carbon footprint. 92.7% of the people surveyed knew the concept of carbon footprint and 87.2% believed in individual action. But the survey also showed that people did not know the impact of each action. After extensive research and deliberation, the goal was specified as empowering and connecting people to make informed decisions about their carbon footprint.
Earthpact is the perfect tool to facilitate this process. How does the application measure your carbon footprint? You sign up for the application using your social network accounts or your email. By connecting to Facebook, Instagram and Twitter we can tap into the existing user base. Then you will have your own profile page which will have your information, picture, your daily, monthly, yearly carbon footprint that you have calculated by choosing from pre-calculated actions. Having a profile means you can meet fellow “earthpacters” and check their profiles and carbon footprints.
Futuraville vs. BAUville
Inspirations from the future city exhibit in Museum of the City of New York
Science and innovation, equality and tolerance, economic prosperity are the pillars of this society. There is no poverty. Education has improved significantly. Nations live together in harmony but true to their cultural differences. Cultural differences are considered assets, not issues. Because people don’t have to worry about crime, poverty, the safety they can be productive citizens. Because the use of fossil fuels has stopped, they can no longer be used as political leverage.
The population has risen to 10 billion and due to the changes in the climate people had to migrate to the North. The deserts are inhabitable. Climate zones has shifted. Sea level has risen at least 2 and even to 6 feet at some places. Due to sea level rise there has also been migrations to inner higher grounds in the cities. Most of Netherlands and half of New York City is under the sea. The rise in the population of the cities without controlled growth has resulted in a growing need for energy. The politics has inhibited the collective efforts to mitigate climate change. There are disastrous effects all over the world. The major cities have turned to segregated places.
The immigrants from most effected countries are chased to the outskirts of the cities where they can only take part in dirty manufacturing facilities. These facilities without proper control release dangerous chemicals and huge amounts of CO2. Energy is mostly produced by fossil fuels and mostly by natural gas. Because of leaked chemicals from the fracking process fresh water is contaminated. The air quality in most cities so bad that it has become unbreathable. Wealthy people are still living in better cities and turning their backs on the rest of the world. There are increased rates of crime and child fatality.
A proposal for the Multi Comfort Housing Student Competition (Team Member: Nurdan Gürlesin)
These renderings show our proposal for a site in New York City for the Multi-Comfort Housing competition in 2011. The site is a rectangle located right above the Hugh L. Carey Tunnel looking directly to Battery Park. The drive for the design comes from the sustainability requirements within the competition and the idea to connect the site directly to Battery Park with a long green patch inspired by the Highline.
The natural position of the site gives the opportunity to create a Highline inspired connection that provides shade, physical and psychological separation from traffic and improves air quality at the same time. Using this green patch, people can walk straight from the building to Battery Park and neighboring facilities without having to cross a busy street, under shade from the trees, which will provide a solution to the urban heat island effect in the summer.
The renewable energy powered system of the Power Tower allows for a net-zero concept which inspires the name of the design.
The aerodynamic form of the building is designed according to the wind that will show its potency especially in the upper floors and this creates a perfect resource for wind energy considering the windy climate of NYC. The funnel created in the middle is designed to capture all the wind flowing through. The form catches the wind and leads it into the rift. The wind turbines in the funnel are creating electricity from the captured wind energy and storing the energy in ice battery, which is an efficient way of storage for commercial buildings. These systems are encapsulated in insulation against sound and vibration to separate them from the structure and to create the comfort conditions required by the Multi-Comfort Housing Standards.
The Power Tower has a steel structure and the facade has three layers to satisfy the needs of Multi-Comfort Housing. The first layer is the structure holding the second layer, the glass facade. The glass facade has integrated transparent PV panels creating more renewable energy for the building use. The final layer consists of the sunscreens and insulation panels providing the necessary numbers for the facade calculations.
The rift also separates the building programming into four different sections; residential, commercial, hospitality and offices. The angle of the rift allows the space to be allocated according to programming by giving commercial and hospitality section more space in the lower floors and providing more private spaces for residential and office uses in the upper floors. These uses intersect in social hubs every five floors, these hubs are two floors high and provide a space for social and visual interaction through the use of gallery spaces.
The first floors are mixed-use containing commercial and recreational spaces. These floors are directly connected to the green line coming from Battery Park and create a welcoming entrance for the public.
Power Tower is trying to capture the essence of using natural ecosystem services and designing according to natural forces. By doing that the amount of active energy is reduced to a minimum and the amount of energy created and stored can push for a net-zero development.
East New York: A Report on the Rezoning
Studio Project in MS. Sustainable Environmental Systems
The study area is located in East New York, under the border of Brooklyn and Queens, right next to Highland Park and Cypress Hill Cemetery. The neighborhood belongs to Community Board 5 of Brooklyn and is served by 75th Precinct. Atlantic Avenue divides the neighborhood into two parts. Broadway Junction, a busy junction of wide avenues lies in the west of the neighborhood, creating another barrier.
There are subways, LIRR, bus lines routes and major car axes flowing through the neighborhood. East New York is a less developed area in NYC with less density compared to the city in general. The Department of City Planning has proposed a comprehensive rezoning plan for increasing the density of the area. The rezoning also proposes commercial use on the major axes of the neighborhood.
The study area for data analysis was defined by buffering the borders of rezoning proposal by 700 feet and choosing the adjacent street, for obtaining a comprehensive idea about the neighborhood and effects of the on-going rezoning.
243 local stewardship groups are located within one mile of the East New York study area, out of 3,598 Stewardship groups located in NYC. There are 41 regional stewardship groups doing related work, out of 453 Organizations throughout the city. We can see in the map that majority of the organizations are located in the southern part of East New York. Although there are a couple of organizations near Highland Park, there is almost no organization located between Atlantic Avenue and study area border.
The total number of relevant community facilities within the area is 344. The community facilities list includes Daycare Facilities, Cultural Institutions, Healthcare Facilities, Historical sites, Parks and Recreational Areas, Educational Facilities. Total number of community Facilities is 21,767. The area has a diverse range of community facilities. However, the quantity of Cultural Institutions is lower than the other facilities, which creates a potential for a deeper analysis into cultural institutions.
According to the analysis of community facilities, East New York has a very low number of cultural institutions like libraries or educational facilities. This is another component of general education. Certain educational activities, going to museums or libraries create connections between young people. Lack of such institutions add to the problem of education and unhealthy youth. There are not enough community facilities for elderly, youth health and homeless people.